Copyright Compendium

Search
Filters
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Chapter 100
Chapter 200
Chapter 300
Chapter 400
Chapter 500
Chapter 600
Chapter 700
Chapter 800
Chapter 900
Chapter 1000
Chapter 1100
Chapter 1200
Chapter 1300
Chapter 1400
Chapter 1500
Chapter 1600
Chapter 1700
Chapter 1800
Chapter 1900
Chapter 2000
Chapter 2100
Chapter 2200
Chapter 2300
Chapter 2400

712.2 What Is a Serial?

712.2 What Is a Serial?


A serial is a work that is issued or intended to be issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations that are intended to be continued indefinitely. 37 C.F.R. § 202.3 (B) (1)(v). Examples include periodicals (including newspapers); annuals; and the journals and proceedings of societies, and other similar works.

Examples of works that do not fall within this category include episodes of a television series, a series of online videos, a collection of musical works, a group of manuscripts, an assortment of poetry, or a set of advertising copies.


“Periodicals” are considered “collective works” for purposes of registration, because they contain “a number of contributions, constituting separate and independent works in themselves, [that] are assembled into a collective whole.” 37 C.F.R. § 202.4 (B) (3); 17

U.S.C. § 101 (definition of “collective work”).


Most serials are – but do not have to be – collective works to qualify for registration. For example, a newsletter that contains a single article and a single photograph would not be considered a collective work, because it does not contain sufficient contributions.

Nevertheless, it could still be registered as a “serial” if the requirements set forth in

Section 712.2 (B) have been met.

[convertkit form=2550354]