Copyright Compendium

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Chapter 2400

618.8 (A) (10) Unclear Terms for Musical Works and Sound Recordings

 

618.8 (A) (10) Unclear Terms for Musical Works and Sound Recordings

 

As a general rule, the terms “music” and/or “lyrics” should be used to describe the authorship in a musical work, and the term “sound recording,” should be used to describe the authorship in a sound recording. The applicant should avoid using the following terms in the Author Created field or the Nature of Authorship space, because they are unclear:

 

• Song

• Ballad

• Cancion

• Vocals

• Musical Instruments

• Equalization

• Remastering, reverberation, reprocessing, re-engineering

• Rap, Hip Hop, Beats, Loops

• Transcription, Narration, Spoken Words

• Sound Effects

 

For a discussion of U.S. Copyright Office’s practices and procedures regarding these terms, see Chapter 800, Sections 802.9 (E), 803.9 (D), and 803.9 (F) (3).