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2207.2 Contributions to Collective Works

2207.2 Contributions to Collective Works


A general notice for a collective work as a whole covers the separate contributions that it contains (regardless of ownership), except for any advertisements inserted on behalf of persons other than the copyright owner for the collective work.


In addition, a separate notice for a contribution to a collective work may be acceptable if it appears in any of the following positions:


• Where the contribution is reproduced on a single page, a notice is acceptable if it appears (I) under the title of the contribution on that page; (ii) adjacent to the contribution; or (iii) on the same page if through format, wording, or both, the application of the notice to the particular contribution is made clear.


• Where the contribution is reproduced on more than one page of the collective work, a notice is acceptable if it appears (I) under a title appearing at or near the beginning of the contribution; (ii) on the first page of the main body of the contribution; (iii) immediately following the end of the contribution; or (iv) on any of the pages where the contribution appears, provided that the contribution is reproduced on no more than twenty pages of the collective work; the notice is reproduced prominently and is set apart from other matter on the page where it appears; and through format, wording, or both, the application of the notice to the particular contribution is made clear.


Alternatively, a separate notice for a contribution to a collective work may be acceptable if it clearly appears in juxtaposition with a separate listing of the contribution by full title and author and is located either:


• On the page bearing the notice for the collective work as a whole (if any); or


• In a clearly identified and readily accessible table of contents or listing of acknowledgments appearing near the front or back of the collective work.


If the contribution is a musical work, a notice is acceptable if it appears in any of the locations discussed above or if it is located on the first page of music for the contribution. 37 C.F.R. § 202.2 (C) (6).


If a collective work was publicly distributed with a notice for the collective work as a whole – but without a separate notice for the contributions to that work – the notice covers the contributions, even if the copyright owner named in the notice is not the copyright owner of those contributions (except for advertisements inserted on behalf of persons other than the owner of the collective work).