Copyright Compendium

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2204.2 Notice for Sound Recordings Fixed on Phonorecords

2204.2 Notice for Sound Recordings Fixed on Phonorecords

A notice for a sound recording fixed in phonorecords and published before March 1, 1989 should include the following elements:

• The symbol ‚Ñó– (i.e., the letter P in a circle);

• The year of first publication; and

• The name of the copyright owner for the sound recording, or an abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally known alternative designation of the owner.

17 U.S.C. § 402 (B). Each of these terms are discussed in Sections 2204.4 and 2205 below. The elements of the notice should appear as a single continuous statement containing the ‚Ñó– symbol, followed by the year of first publication, followed by the name of the copyright owner.


• ‚Ñó– 1984 John Doe Records

If the producer of the sound recording is named on the labels or containers for the phonorecord, and if no other name appears in conjunction with the notice, the producer’s name is considered part of the notice. See id.

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