Compendium of U.S. Copyright Practices, 3rd Edition

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2202.2 Post-Berne Works


2202.2 Post-Berne Works


Notice is optional for works first published on or after March 1, 1989.


The Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988 amended the Copyright Act of 1976 by making notice optional for works published on or after this date. The Uruguay Round Agreements Act amended the statute by restoring copyrights for foreign works that lost copyright protection in the United States for failure to comply with notice requirements prior to March 1, 1989. This includes (I) works created by an author who is a citizen of, or domiciled in, a country that has entered into a copyright treaty with the United States, and (ii) works first published, or sound recordings first fixed, in a country that has entered into a copyright treaty with the United States. For a detailed discussion of foreign works, see Chapter 2000.


For purpose of this Chapter, these types of works are collectively referred to as “Post- Berne Works.”


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