1405.5 The One Author Requirement
The Single Application may be used to register one work created by one individual, provided that the applicant satisfies the other eligibility requirements for this form.
The following are representative examples of works created by one person:
• One essay written and solely owned by Simone Stucker.
• One children’s book containing text and illustrations created and solely owned by Franklin Hooker.
• One photograph taken and solely owned by Douglas Brewer.
• One sound recording containing music written, recorded, and solely owned by Felicia Driver.
o NOTE: Felicia must be the author/owner of both the music and the sound recording, and she must be the only performer in the recording.
• One song containing music and lyrics written and solely owned by Edward Boxer.
o NOTE: If the applicant submits a recording of the song, Edward must be the author/owner of both the song and the sound recording, and he must be the only performer in the recording, such as a songwriter’s solo performance of the song.
As discussed in Section 1405.3, the Single Application may not be used if the work was created by two or more individuals or if it was created as a joint work. (For a definition and discussion of joint works, see Chapter 500, Section 505.) The following are representative examples of works created by more than one author that are not eligible for this form:
• One comic book containing text written by one individual and illustrations drawn by another individual.
• One screenplay co-written by two individuals.
• One song containing music written by one individual and lyrics written by another individual.
• One sound recording containing music written by one individual and performed by another individual.
• Any sound recording created by two or more performers or musicians.
• Any motion picture or other audiovisual work that includes directing, editing, writing, or other authorship by more than one person.
Likewise, the Single Application may not be used to register a work created by or on behalf of a company, an organization, or any other legal entity, or a work created as a work made for hire. (For a definition and discussion of works made for hire, see Chapter 500, Section 506.) The following are representative examples of works that do not qualify as a work created by an individual author:
• One piece of jewelry created by Phoebe Snow Designs, Inc.
• One photograph taken by an employee of Sue Saint Marie Studios.
• One song specially ordered or commissioned by Smooth Ride Music, LLC for use as a contribution to a collective work.
• One videogame created by the employees of the Chessie Katz game development company.