1402.3 Types of Applications
The U.S. Copyright Office offers the types of applications described below. An applicant should choose an appropriate application based on whether he or she is seeking a basic registration, a group registration, a supplementary registration, a renewal registration, a GATT registration, or a preregistration. For a definition and discussion of each type of record, see Chapter 200, Section 202.1.
An application for a basic registration covers a work of authorship created or first published on or after January 1, 1978 or an unpublished work created prior to January
1, 1978 and still protected by copyright. For this type of registration, the applicant should use one of the following applications:
• Standard Application and Paper Applications. These applications may be used to register the following types of works:
‚àí A work by one author.
‚àí A joint work.
‚àí A work made for hire.
‚àí A derivative work.
‚àí A compilation.
‚àí A collective work.
‚àí Multiple published works, provided that (I) they are owned by the same person or organization, and (ii) they are physically bundled together for distribution to the public as a single, integrated unit, and they are first published in that integrated unit. This is known as the “unit of publication” option. For a definition of a “unit of publication” and a detailed discussion of this option, see Chapter 1100, Section 1103.4.
NOTE: This registration accommodation is not available using the online application for a “single serial issue” or a paper application submitted on Form SE.
– A sound recording and the musical work, dramatic work, or literary work embodied in that recording, provided that (I) the works are embodied in the same phonorecord, (ii) the claimant for both works is the same person or organization, and (iii) the works are submitted for registration in Class SR.
NOTE: This type of claim must be registered with the online application for a
“sound recording” or a paper application submitted on Form SR. For additional
information concerning this option, see Chapter 500, Section 511.
See 37 C.F.R. § 202.3 (B) (2) (I) (A), (ii) (A). For additional information concerning the Standard Application, see Section 1403. For information concerning the Office’s paper applications, see Section 1404.
• Single Application. This application may be used to register one work created by one person, provided that the copyright in the work is solely owned by that individual. It also may be used to register a sound recording and the musical work, dramatic work, or literary work embodied in that recording if certain requirements have been met. For additional information concerning this application, see Section 1405.
• An application for a group registration may be used to register a claim to copyright in a group of related works, such as a group of unpublished works, a group of serials, newspapers, or newsletters, a group of contributions to periodicals, a group of short online literary works, or a group of published or unpublished photographs. This type of application may also be used to register a group of updates or revisions to a database, or a group of questions, answers, or other items prepared for use in a secure test. The Office has created specific applications that must be used to seek a group registration. For information concerning these forms, see Section 1406.
• An application for a supplementary registration may be used to correct errors or amplify information in an existing registration that is incorrect or incomplete. For information concerning these forms see Section 1407.
• An application for a renewal registration may be used to register a limited class of works that were first published or initially registered prior to January 1, 1978. For information concerning these forms, see Section 1408.
• An application for a GATT registration may be used to register a copyright claim in a foreign work that was restored to copyright protection in the United States under the 1994 Uruguay Round Agreements Act. For information concerning this form, see Section 1409.
• An application for a preregistration may be used to preregister an unpublished work that is being prepared for commercial distribution. For information concerning this form, see Section 1410.